Common hemp and its age on Earth
Next, in this writing we do not deal with Cannabis Indicum but only with the common hemp-
Common hemp (cannabis sativa) it has an interesting name, because in Latin the word “sativa” has to do with what is fulfilled, with abundance, prosperity, satiety.
The consequences of using this plant are so important that:
- would feed and heal much of humanity
- would provide natural fibers for pleasant and durable natural clothes, and
- it can be a source of pulp for paper and fire with productivity and efficiency rarely encountered.
Just as sea buckthorn is considered a strategic crop for Romania, perhaps much more should be considered common hemp a strategic crop.
What does it look like?
Biologists say that it is an annual herbaceous plant from the family Cannabidaceae, with a high waist, of 2-3m, being able to grow even up to 5m in exceptional cases.
It has an unbranched stem, long lanceolate leaves with jagged edge and dense, semi-compact inflorescences.
The term “cannabis” has been preserved from a word of scita or, more likely, Thracian origin. The Greeks imported it, then the Romans and thus it became known to western civilizations. The word is a very old one, with Indo-European roots.
The ancient oriental peoples (Akadians, Babylonians and Assyrians) knew it in the form of “quannabu”. The original meaning was “smoke-making”, demonstrating the ancestral habit of using the plant for practical and recreational purposes.
History of hemp cultivation
it is very old, being recorded from the early Neolithic (12,000 years ago) as source for obtaining textile fibers, oil, food, as a medium in spiritual and religious practices or as a medicinal plant. Here are some attestations that confirm that it îndeletnicire is one of the oldest branches of the “Industry“ human (and certainly the oldest directly attested) :
8000 i.Ch. = according to Columbia History of the World, the oldest proof of the human industry is a piece of hemp fabric, dating roughly from this period. Hemp originates in Central Asia, later spreading to China, India and Europe.
2700 i.Ch. = the legendary Chinese emperor Shen Nung (The Divine Farmer) includes hemp in his book on healing plants, considered to be the first medical text in the world. Hemp is called “a superior plant” and rightly so! The Chinese used it entirely, from the top to the roots, in the textile industry, in medicine and in food.
1400 i.Ch. = the use of hemp is attested in India, in cultural-religious ceremonies and certified in writing in Sanskrit texts dating from this period. In the medical writing of Sushruta, made up before the year 1000 i.Ch., it was said that the plant could cure leprosy.
800 i.Ch. = Scythians bring hemp to Europe from Central Asia and invent scythe.
563 i.Ch = many Buddhist sects believe gautama Buddha (563 i.Ch. – 483 i.Ch.) he would not have eaten anything but hemp seeds and leaves for six years. However, the plant was then intensively cultivated in northern India, where it is believed that he spent most of his life.
In sec. You i.Ch. = the historian Herodotus describes the garments made of fine hemp fabric from the Greek costume.
300 i.Ch. = are built Roman aqueducts that transport water in cities. It seems that these amazing achievements of engineering were built using hemp mortar !
100 i.Ch. = the Chinese make paper from fibrous materials such as mulberry wood, hemp, bark, etc. Year 105 i.Ch. it is often quoted as the year of the discovery of the paper by an official of the Chinese Court, Tsai Lun, although historians today consider that it actually happened 200 years earlier. The addition of hemp to mulberry wood pulp led to the manufacture of a much better quality paper, invention that then spread throughout the rest of the world, on the Silk Road.
70 d.Ch. = hemp is cultivated for the first time in England, becoming then a well-established culture.
100 d.Ch. = the Greek physician Dioscorides describes his many medicinal uses in his five-volume work, De Materia Medica.
It attracts his attention both the particularly strong fibers and the medicinal properties.
Gaius Pliny Secundus (23-79 d.Ch.) writes in Naturalis Historia about the industrial uses of hemp and how it should be grown.
565 d.Ch. = the Merovingian dynasty, which reigned on the territory of today’s France and Germany, bury Queen Adelgunde in a particularly refined hemp fabric.
600 d.Ch. = in the south of France is built a bridge made of hemp shells mixed with lime. The bridge was petrified and is solid even today.
800 d.Ch. = Charlemagne, the founder of the Holy Roman Empire, submits a law on the cultivation of hemp.
1009 d.Ch. = hemp-based paper reaches Europe through Arab culture.
The first paper factory is built in Xativa, Spain. Papermaking continued here under Moorish domination until 1244 d.Ch., when the European armies drove out the Moors.
For the next 850
the paper will be made mostly from hemp.
1100 d.Ch. = knights of the Middle Ages drink hemp beer.
1215 d.Ch. = Magna Carta, the first step towards a constitution, is written on hemp paper.
1492 d.Ch. = the strings and sails used by Columbus in crossing the Atlantic are made of the most solid and long fibers, which only hemp can produce. If they had used other materials, the ships would not have resisted this long and demanding journey.
1535 d.Ch. = Henry VIII, the most powerful of all British monarchs, submits a document;
This document states that all landowners must cultivate an acre of hemp soil, otherwise they will be sanctioned.
This means that this British king understood hemp as a strategic plant, important as steel, water, fuels and the like.
1564 d.Ch. = Royal Philip of Spain ordered the cultivation of hemp throughout the Empire, from the area of modern-day Argentina to Oregon, following the example of Queen Elizabeth I, who had promulgated a similar law in England.
1600 d.Ch. = Galileo Galilei, the father of modern astronomy, makes his notes on hemp paper.
1791 d.Ch. = President George Washington sets import duties on hemp to encourage domestic production.
Thomas Jefferson calls hemp a necessity for the well-being and prosperity of the nation.
He recommends farmers to grow hemp instead of tobacco.
George Washington exhorts: “Enjoy the hemp seed to the fullest. Cultivate it everywhere.”
1941-1945 d.Ch. – The “Hemp for Victory” campaign appears in the USA because of the crisis of hemp reserves in Japan in the Second World War.
Being used for vital military items (clothes, rope, canvas), subsidies are offered to hemp growers, who are exempt even from military service. Promotional films such as “Hemp for Victory” are produced, which illustrate the importance of the so-called “victory gardens.”
As a result, hemp crops grow several thousand times.
2001 d.Ch. = “hemp car” crosses North America using a biological fuel from hemp (biodiesel).
The car starts in Washington D.C. on July 4, 2001 and returns home on October 2, 2001.
It manages to cross 10,000 miles in order to promote the use of the hemp as an alternative source of fuel.
On the territory of Romania, hemp culture has been facilitated by the Scythians since the VII century i.Ch.
Herodotus mentions the occupation of Dacian women in making clothing and decorations in the household.
The Dacians also used hemp to heal wounds and burns with the poultice in the bloom.
The tradition of growing and processing hemp in a household system has been maintained in some areas until today.
Until 1989 Romania occupies the first place in Europe, cultivating 60-70% of the total production and the 4th place in the world, with about 50,000 ha cultivated.
Despite these multimillionaire testimonies and its undeniable usefulness, hemp still suffers from the interests of certain circles of influence, who even managed to get it out of the lawi.
Here’s an example of the events that took place in the U.S., in the late ’20s and ’30s.
Through a strong manipulation of the population (mass-media), an obscure word of Mexican origin was introduced, “marijuana”.
Thus the idea was induced, that this wonderful plant is, in fact, the supply of a drug.
This manipulation culminated in a ban on the cultivation of the hemp and its outlawing in September 1937.
All this came as a result of pressures exerted by the large petrochemical corporation DuPont.
This company has patented the process of making plastic from oil and coal, given that the natural hemp industry would have seriously endangered billions of dollars in business.
Therefore, declaring the hemp as illegal was their only option. And they did that with the help of civil servants in key positions.
Andrew Mellon (1855-1937), who became Minister of Finance in the Hoover administration, appointed his nephew, Harry J. Anslinger, to head the Federal Office of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs.
Despite this totally unjust framing, arising from the perspective of the interests directed by the financial world,
Common hemp (domestic) remains a wonder of nature, with extraordinary qualities.
The hemp stem has the longest and strongest fibers of all the plants.
These fibers can be transformed into any building material (putty, cement, paint, plaster, reinforced concrete, insulation, etc.).
Ecologically sustainable hemp does not require herbicides and pesticides to be cultivated (except for special conditions).
It creates humus, removes heavy metals from the soil and absorbs enormous amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
It is a very fast growing crop, having a fiber yield per hectare, higher than any other plant.
It can produce 250% more fiber than cotton, with less water consumption and 600% more than flax.
All this they do, using the same surface of land.
The structure of the hemp plant is essential to its quality as a raw material for the production of paper.
The bark contains primary and secondary liberian fibers.
They are far superior in quality compared to other suppliers of raw material for paper.
The hemp strain only needs 4 months to reach maturity.
But trees need between 20 and 80 years to be mature.
If the use of fossil fuels and trees for paper and construction could be banned,
Hemp, renewable annually, would be sufficient for:
- to ensure the world’s demand for paper and textiles
- solving all energy, domestic, industrial and transport needs around the world
- reducing pollution, restoring the soil and cleaning the atmosphere